The Memorial is built in the form of an Antiquity Doric Temple, and it is famous because of the large, seated Abraham Lincoln statue which is 19 feet tall, and it is located right in the entrance to the building. This masterpiece is the work of Daniel French, while the Memorial itself was projected by Henry Bacon.
The dedication of the Memorial is above the statue, stating the eternal gratitude of the American people to one of the biggest Presidents in their history, who saved the country and paved the road for the revolution in civil rights, human equality and liberty.
If you walk left from the great statue, you will see a wall on which is engraved the whole Gettysburg address. Lincoln delivered this famous speech in 1863 at a ceremony for the New Soldiers Cemetery in Gettysburg. This is one of the most quoted, and curiously one of the briefest speeches in the whole human history. Lincoln needed less than two minutes to read it, but it captured the very essence of the fight that the soldiers fought, that great and noble fight for liberty and equality of all men.
On the opposing wall there is an engraving of Lincoln’s second famous speech delivered in 1865 in which the American president appealed to the winners not to seek revenge against their defeated rivals, but to work and build a society that they’ve fought for, and put aside bitterness and tragedy that war brought upon all.
Above each of the inscriptions is a mural, painted with a special technique in order to preserve the vivid colors and mastery, that shows the most important events in Lincoln’s life, painted by Jules Guerin. On the north wall are pictured Unity, Fraternity, and Charity, while the spot on the south wall mural is reserved for Freedom, Liberty, Immortality, Justice, and the Law.
The stairs that lead to the great statue were the focal point of many protests and public gatherings. Abraham Lincoln and his deeds inspired many civil rights fighters throughout the years, including Martin Luther King, who delivered his famous “I have a dream” speech standing in front of the Lincoln statue, in which he compellingly called American people to put an end to racism, and which sparked the most successful civil rights movement in the history of mankind.